Organisation Nationale Anti Dopage (ONAD) Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles

Elite Athletes/ADAMS

The Direction of the fight against doping - Direction de la lutte contre le dopage - wishes to emphasise that the content of this page is only communicated for informative purposes.

You will find all the official documents on the page Law and regulations.


WHAT IS an elite athlete?

To be qualified as an elite athlete in the Direction of the fight against doping, you first must be

affiliated to a French-speaking federation (French-speaking community).

Meet at least one of these 4 criteria:

a) belong to the international target group (Registered Testing Pool) of his/her sports federation

b) practice his/her sport in the context of a principal waged activity in the highest category or the highest national competition of the concerned discipline

c) be selected or have participated, in the past twelve months at least, to one of the following events in the highest category of competition in the discipline concerned, i.e. the Olympic games, the Paralympic games, the world championships or the European championships

d) participate in a team sport in the context of a competition where the majority of the teams taking part in the competition consists of the athletes under points a), b), or c)


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HOW do you become an elite athlete?

The Direction of the fight against doping contacts the French-speaking federations at least once quarterly.

Each federation communicates a list of its members who meet at least one of the 4 qualification criteria above.

After verification the Direction of the fight against doping informs the athlete (and his/her federation) of qualification as an elite athlete.

The athlete will then receive all the information about the qualification, by registered letter. A copy will also be sent by e-mail (with digital signature).


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Is there a DIFFERENCE between the elite athletes?

YES, the elite athletes are divided in four distinct categories:

Elite athletes who take part in an individual Olympic sport listed below,
OR athletes targeted in article 1, 10°, a) of the decree on the fight against doping in the French-speaking community: "he/she belongs to the international target group of his/her sports federation".

Individual Olympic sports in category A:

Athletics  - long distances (3000m and more), Biathlon, Triathlon, Duathlon, Cyclo-cross, Track cycling, BMX Cycling, Mountainbiking, Road cycling, Cross country skiing, Combined Nordic skiing


Elite athletes who take part in an individual Olympic sport listed below.

Individual Olympic sports in category B:

Athletics  everything, except long distances (3000m and more), Badminton, Boxing, Weight lifting, Artistic gymnastics, Judo, Slalom canoeing, Sprint canoeing, Modern pentathlon, Rowing, Fencing, Taekwondo, Table tennis, Tennis, Beach volley, Water sports swimming, Wrestling, Sailing, Bob sleigh, Skeleton, Luge, Figure skating, Short track skating, Speed skating, Alpine skiing, Freestyle skiing, Snowboarding


The elite athletes who practice an Olympic team sport listed below.

Olympic sports in category C:

Basketball, Handball, Hockey, Football, Volleyball, Water polo, Ice Hockey


Elite athletes who do not belong to the categories A, B or C.

Olympic sports in category D:

Archery, Floor gymnastics, Trampoline gymnastics, Dressage, Three day horse riding, Obstacle horse riding, Shooting, Water sports Diving, Water sports Synchronised swimming, Curling, Ski jumping


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Which are my OBLIGATIONS as an elite athlete?

As an elite athlete, you have two major obligations:

1. Request an authorisation to use certain products when you are ill, follow a medical treatment or had surgery.

This is called an application for authorisation of Use for Therapeutic purposes (or application for TUE).

Go to the page AUT for any information regarding this obligation.

> Download the form for application for TUE
2. Complete and update the accurate details on your localisation via the online platform ADAMS (

The information to be communicated relates to the times and places of trainings and competitions, and accommodation.


  • Athletes of category D are not subject to that obligation.
  • The requested details differ slightly depending on the category you are listed in.

Go to the ADAMS page to access any information on that obligation.


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What happens if I do NOT RESPECT my obligations as an elite athlete?

1. Request Authorisation of Use for Therapeutic purposes (TUE)

If you use a banned substance without the authorisation of use for therapeutic purposes, you run the risk that the result of your anti-doping test is positive.

2. Localisation details (whereabouts)

  • If your details  are not provided on time
  • If your details  are incomplete
  • If your details  were not updated and do not correspond to reality (you are not present at the indicated place and time)

You will receive a first notification of failure.

That notification will inform you of the fact that

  • Your details were checked and do not correspond to the requested details
  • A testing doctor travelled according to the data indicated in your calendar and you were not present at the indicated place and time.

You will then have 14 days to justify the fact that your details were not provided, your absence or incoherence of your localisation data (by registered letter).

The Team of the Direction of the fight against Doping will then inform you of the decision to record your failure or not.

For more details on the obligations related to the localisation data, consult the ADAMS webpage.

For more details on the failures, please refer to the following useful pages:



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